ELIJAH BEN SOLOMON HA-KOHEN

ELIJAH BEN SOLOMON HA-KOHEN, Palestinian gaon from 1062 to 1083. His father Solomon was gaon from about 1020 to 1025 and was succeeded by solomon b. judah , who held that office until 1051. Elijah and his elder brother Joseph, who were very young when their father died, occupied important positions during Solomon b. Judah's incumbency, Elijah being the "shelishi" ("third") and his brother the av bet din . According to the prevailing custom Joseph should have been appointed as gaon, and Elijah as av bet din after the death of Solomon b. Judah, but they were forcibly prevented by daniel b. azariah who belonged to the family of the Babylonian geonim. Daniel assumed the gaonate, holding the office from 1051 to 1062, and the two brothers were obliged to accept his authority. Only after the death of Daniel was Elijah appointed gaon. After the conquest of Jerusalem by the Seljuks in 1071, Elijah moved to Tyre together with his yeshivah. About two years before his death he designated his son abiathar to succeed him after his death, and his second son, Solomon, as av bet din. A few of his responsa have survived, in which he and Abiathar reply to questions from meshullam b. Moses of Mainz. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Schechter, Saadyana (1903), 80–104; Bornstein, in: Sefer ha-Yovel… N. Sokolow (1904), 125ff.; Marmorstein, in: REJ, 73 (1921), 84ff.; Mann, Egypt, 2 (1922), index; Mann, Texts, 2 (1935), index; Dinur, Golah, 1, pt. 4 (19622), index; Scheiber, in: Tarbiz, 32 (1962/63), 273–6. (Simha Assaf)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • ASHKENAZI, SAUL BEN MOSES HA-KOHEN — (c. 1470–1523), philosopher. Ashkenazi was born in Candia, Crete, and studied there with elijah delmedigo . Later he lived in Constantinople. His best known work is a set of 12 questions directed to isaac abrabanel concerning the proper… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • SOLOMON BEN JUDAH — (d. 1051), Palestinian gaon and academy head in Jerusalem and in Ramleh from 1025 to 1051. It appears that R. Solomon was the son of a family of scholars from Fez. He married into the family of Solomon b. Joseph ha Kohen, who preceded him in the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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